The Kurdish Factions and Forces in Syria

The Kurdish Factions and Forces in Syria

The Kurdish parties have several phases since its inception which affected its external form in terms of number and people who ruled it, and in terms of political demands and programs, and its vision to resolve the Kurdish issue in Syria.
The Kurdish parties began gathering in the beginning of the Syrian revolution after years of discord and differences, but the establishment of self-ruled by solo party was another reason for disputes, and the participation with other Syrian parties was a challenge for these parties which were delayed in joining the alliances outside the Kurdish group as a result of fear from the regime and democratic union party, and their relation with other Kurdistan parties.
To know the Kurdish forces and factions in Syria now is the priority of the politicians and researchers in Syrian affairs because of the ambiguity in the demands of these parties, especially at the beginning of the revolution , what they want in the Syria’s future , the relations of these parties with the regional countries and foreign parties particularly the Kurdistan parties, and how these countries and parties affect the policies and orientations of the Syrian Kurdish parties , and the relations of these parties with the Syrian oppositions and with the Syrian regime.
This study seeks to provide a historical background about the emergence of the Kurdish political movement in Syria , and because the movement did not remain as it was when founded , but the number of components ,demands and political programs have changed , so this study is trying to clarify the current forces , factions and gatherings and their current political demands and programs , and comparing them with their previous demands before 2011 to help readers to know this changes during this period.
We tried to provide additional explanations or referrals in the footnotes for the readers who interested to expand in references.
We would like to note that we ignored a lot of historical information, particularly what relating to the internal and personal disputes or defections within this movement because we did not think that it will be useful for the reader, and this disputes led to division within these parties, and we just mentioned the important information which is necessary to understand the parties that are still exist in the Kurdish political movement in Syria to this day.
This study was divided into six sections covering the important aspects of the history and present of the Kurdish parties and forces. the first section reviews the pre-establishment phase, the second section discusses the establishment, the third section is about the defections and birth of new parties, the fourth section is trying to clarify the current situation of the Kurdish parties , the fifth section is about the political programs and vision of the Kurdish parties , and the sixth is about the relation between the Kurdish forces and the Syrian opposition.


To read the report in full can download an PDF version



Share this Post

Why did Emirati FM again fly to Damascus?
In focus

An Emirati delegation headed by the United Arab Emirates foreign minister, Abdullah bin Zayed Al Al Nahyan on January 4, 2023 made a visit to the Syrian capital, Damascus, and met the head of the Syrian regime, Bashar al -Assad. This visit is the second to Syria after the return of diplomatic relations between the two parties late 2018.

Syria during 2022
Analytical Report

An analytical report released by the Jusoor Center for Studies monitors the various stages that the Syrian issue went through during 2022, politically, militarily and economically. The report addresses the political process, the movements of the Astana track, the UN Security Council meetings on Syria, the policies of international actors, and others.

The Israeli strikes in Syria during 2022

In 2013, Israel started launching air strikes on Syria, which fall within the strategy of the "Campaign between Wars (CBW)"; where it considers it necessary to weaken the capabilities of the enemy (Iran and its militias or military units) and respond to threats outside the borders.

Russia and restructuring the Syrian regime forces: Obstacles and alternatives

The Syrian regime attached great importance to the army. It took the slogan “No sound is louder than the battle's one” as an instrument for harnessing all the material and human capabilities to serve the effectiveness of the army's operations in order to maintain its control over the country's areas. The regime also works hard to take advantage of the above-mentioned slogan to serve its regional a