Syria's Constitutional Committee: Outcomes of Two Years of Discussions

Syria's Constitutional Committee: Outcomes of Two Years of Discussions

Prepared By: Abdul WAhab Assi


The discussions of the Syrian Constitutional Committee (SCC) are the only course of the political process in Syria, since the talks between the regime and the opposition got to a roadblock in the “Geneva” process, which lasted for nine rounds, the last of which was on January 25, 2018.

In other words, SCC is the doorway to a political solution in Syria. However, although it is not sufficient to achieve sustainable stability, the absence of the ability or willingness of actors to search for alternatives or other foundations increases the importance of the constitutional reform process.

In fact, the initiative of the guarantor states of the "Astana Process" to co-sponsor the political process alongside the United Nations gives importance to the discussions of the Constitutional Committee. However, the track did not achieve any actual breakthrough or progress leading to the solution, which calls for studying the case in more detail to know the role, responsibility and approach of Turkey, Russia and Iran towards the talks.

Accordingly, this report reviews the details of six rounds of talks between the regime and the opposition and its conclusions, and then addresses the assessment of the performance of local actors, i.e. the regime and the opposition, and international actors, (Turkey, Russia, Iran, the United States and the United Nations).

After reviewing the outcomes of the talks and evaluating the performance of the actors, the report concludes, forecasting the future of the political process based on building three scenarios, namely disruption, failure or success.

Consequently, this very report helps providing a clearer picture on the constitutional reform course for public opinion and experts, two years after its launch. It also, at the same time would alert the parties to the Constitutional Committee to build an understanding of the dimensions of the talks.

Share this Post

Why did Emirati FM again fly to Damascus?
Releases
In focus

An Emirati delegation headed by the United Arab Emirates foreign minister, Abdullah bin Zayed Al Al Nahyan on January 4, 2023 made a visit to the Syrian capital, Damascus, and met the head of the Syrian regime, Bashar al -Assad. This visit is the second to Syria after the return of diplomatic relations between the two parties late 2018.

Syria during 2022
Releases
Analytical Report

An analytical report released by the Jusoor Center for Studies monitors the various stages that the Syrian issue went through during 2022, politically, militarily and economically. The report addresses the political process, the movements of the Astana track, the UN Security Council meetings on Syria, the policies of international actors, and others.

The Israeli strikes in Syria during 2022
Releases
Maps

In 2013, Israel started launching air strikes on Syria, which fall within the strategy of the "Campaign between Wars (CBW)"; where it considers it necessary to weaken the capabilities of the enemy (Iran and its militias or military units) and respond to threats outside the borders.

Russia and restructuring the Syrian regime forces: Obstacles and alternatives
Releases
Studies

The Syrian regime attached great importance to the army. It took the slogan “No sound is louder than the battle's one” as an instrument for harnessing all the material and human capabilities to serve the effectiveness of the army's operations in order to maintain its control over the country's areas. The regime also works hard to take advantage of the above-mentioned slogan to serve its regional a