Study of the document of Alawite initiative

Study of the document of Alawite initiative

The British channel, BBC displayed excerpts of (document of alawite initiative) on April 3,2016, which written by unidentified Alawite intellectuals to determine their cultural identity, features of Alawite's self, and the intellectual and political domain in the historic sequence they believe. 
They are seeking for the first time to determine the alawite identity and to clarify their explicit attitude from the major issues about self, identity, Syrian homeland and perception of God.
The document mixed between religion (Alawite) and political (intellectuality),
and if some questioned the fact of Document's belonging to a sectarian intellectually, it has been confirmed that it was written by academic politicians which know the truth and history of alawite religion by extrapolation and tracking, and the challenge remains in its credibility due to the acceptability of this document and its representation in Alawites in Syria.
The document is important due to the issuance by individuals represented some of the sectarian internally who they had the courage to talk about the mysterious sectarian situation of alawite which is similar to most of Levantine minorities with the historical religious dimension.
The document was explicit  when talked about self and identity and this maybe reflects an urgent need for the Sect  to present an accurate definition for itself after the confusion over the past decades , beginning from the advisory opinion (fatwa) of Mousa Al-Sadr , the leader of Lebanese Shiite to consider Alawites as a part from Shiite Muslims, and this advisory opinion is considered a political fatwah and does not based on the religious content and issued especially for Hafez Al-Assad , and ending by the Shiite Iranian semi-full guardianship on the decisions of Alawites after delivering Syria to the Iranian controlling, security and politically in exchange for their support since the outbreak of the Syrian revolution.
The document is important also in terms of its issuance after 5 years of Syrian revolution, which showed Alawites as a defendant party by standing with the regime clearly, involving in blood, and supporting the regime as an eternal support, and they have the larger losses of war with regime and supporting groups against the rebel people.
Issuance of the document in this time maybe due to revisions interact within the sect, and try to find a map for future of Syria and sect which most of its young were killed in the battle without any clear goals except some provocative mottos invented by system to keep its supporters, what led to involve the sect in Syrian blood with regime.
So, the issuance of this document expresses some wise voices within the sect which rejected what happened in Syria but they are not able to declare their attitude due to the fear of regime, and the response of alawite sect that rejected the Syrian revolution.
This document appeared in critical political time for Alawites which synchronize with the clear decisions of security council about formation of the transitional provision and restructure of military, security and other Syrian institutions within the Russian pressure on Syrian regime to make political change, or the Russian attempt to impose a new constitution for Syria.
So, writers of the document realized that the era of what can be called (making Syria an alawite state which was continuing for a half of century ago) will disappear and the political alawite and attempts to full controlling on Syria are likely to decline, and thus Alawites must make a real and radical change to ensure to stay as one of the Syrian components, especially with the loss of young in the sect.


To read the report in full can download an PDF version

Share this Post

Why did Emirati FM again fly to Damascus?
In focus

An Emirati delegation headed by the United Arab Emirates foreign minister, Abdullah bin Zayed Al Al Nahyan on January 4, 2023 made a visit to the Syrian capital, Damascus, and met the head of the Syrian regime, Bashar al -Assad. This visit is the second to Syria after the return of diplomatic relations between the two parties late 2018.

Syria during 2022
Analytical Report

An analytical report released by the Jusoor Center for Studies monitors the various stages that the Syrian issue went through during 2022, politically, militarily and economically. The report addresses the political process, the movements of the Astana track, the UN Security Council meetings on Syria, the policies of international actors, and others.

The Israeli strikes in Syria during 2022

In 2013, Israel started launching air strikes on Syria, which fall within the strategy of the "Campaign between Wars (CBW)"; where it considers it necessary to weaken the capabilities of the enemy (Iran and its militias or military units) and respond to threats outside the borders.

Russia and restructuring the Syrian regime forces: Obstacles and alternatives

The Syrian regime attached great importance to the army. It took the slogan “No sound is louder than the battle's one” as an instrument for harnessing all the material and human capabilities to serve the effectiveness of the army's operations in order to maintain its control over the country's areas. The regime also works hard to take advantage of the above-mentioned slogan to serve its regional a