Chinese FM's visit to Syria: Extremely difficult situation needs no more complexities ever

Chinese FM's visit to Syria: Extremely difficult situation needs no more complexities ever

In Focus | Chinese FM's visit to Syria: Extremely difficult situation needs no more complexities ever

The Chinese Foreign Minister, Wang Yi, arrived in Damascus in mid-July, it is the first visit has been paid by a high-profile Chinese official since before 2011.
General speaking, China, which supported the regime diplomatically, especially in the UN-Security Council, has practically chosen to maintain a less involved policy and distance itself from direct intervention in the crisis, which is particularly evident in the absence of Chinese officials from Damascus and international forums related to the Syrian issue over the last few years.
However, despite the regime highly appreciated the visit, as it is an ideal way to deal with the crisis of reconstruction, given that China theoretically has the ability to finance this operation, but it is highly unlikely that China would fully take such a step, because it is an infeasible investment, neither economically or politically.
Apparently, the Chinese move came after arrangements with the Iranian ally, as the two sides signed, last March a strategic partnership agreement at the political and economic levels. More likely, Iran provided motivations to the Chinese side to take advantage of its influence in Iraq and Syria, which intern increases its own bargaining chips before Beijing.
According to informed sources, the Iranian drives mainly relate to linking the port of Shalamjah in Iran with the port of Iraq's Basra and then to the port of Lattakia in Syria. To that end, China and Iran have formed technical committees over the past months to consider the project.
Notes that all Chinese arrangements related to this project were made during the previous months, away from any coordination with the regime's government, with whom any discussions were postponed until the Chinese Foreign Minister's visit time to Damascus.
Ultimately, based on the available reports, and according to the analysing of Chinese policies in general, it seems that Beijing will seek to have its own activities limited in Syria within the framework of the sub-projects of the Belt and Road project, so that it, along with the Iranian side, will protect the road between the ports of Basra and Latakia, without bearing the economic and political costs of reconstruction in the rest of the country.
For its part, the regime’s government is working to maximize the economic and political fruits of potential Chinese activity, although the current Chinese trend contradicts the regime’s desire for cooperation between Beijing and Damascus to be direct, of which Beijing does not seem eager to follow because it is neither possible nor feasible, given the state of weakness and slackness that the regime is experiencing under the pressure of its allies and their dominance over all resources and authorities.
All in all, if Syria was accessible for China, even with a specific project only, this certainly makes the situation more difficult than it is now, as the regime-held regions will witness a jostling of three major actors, agreeing only to take advantage of the failure state that Syria is undergoing, but differing in everything else.  Externally, Syria will be part of the "Chinese-US" conflict, in parallel with the overlapping of Chinese interests with Turkey, the Gulf states, and even the European Union.


Unit of Analysis and Thinking - Jusoor for Studies
To visit the English Telegram channel: Click here

Share this Post

Why did Emirati FM again fly to Damascus?
In focus

An Emirati delegation headed by the United Arab Emirates foreign minister, Abdullah bin Zayed Al Al Nahyan on January 4, 2023 made a visit to the Syrian capital, Damascus, and met the head of the Syrian regime, Bashar al -Assad. This visit is the second to Syria after the return of diplomatic relations between the two parties late 2018.

Syria during 2022
Analytical Report

An analytical report released by the Jusoor Center for Studies monitors the various stages that the Syrian issue went through during 2022, politically, militarily and economically. The report addresses the political process, the movements of the Astana track, the UN Security Council meetings on Syria, the policies of international actors, and others.

The Israeli strikes in Syria during 2022

In 2013, Israel started launching air strikes on Syria, which fall within the strategy of the "Campaign between Wars (CBW)"; where it considers it necessary to weaken the capabilities of the enemy (Iran and its militias or military units) and respond to threats outside the borders.

Russia and restructuring the Syrian regime forces: Obstacles and alternatives

The Syrian regime attached great importance to the army. It took the slogan “No sound is louder than the battle's one” as an instrument for harnessing all the material and human capabilities to serve the effectiveness of the army's operations in order to maintain its control over the country's areas. The regime also works hard to take advantage of the above-mentioned slogan to serve its regional a