In the current reading, we try to present the background to the Munich Security Conference the principle aim of which is related to the crisis in Syria. The paper evaluates the conference results and the different parties’ stances. Based on the evaluation process, we conclude that executing the agreement will be difficult due to the many gaps in the agreement and the failure of the Conference participants to find an acceptable executable formulation with the potential to succeed. The conference attempted to cover up prior repeated diplomatic failures of the Vienna process. These gaps present a larger opportunity for regional escalation and intervention. In light of the continued Russian bombing of civilians in Syria, there will be an opportunity for Washington to play a larger role in applying pressure on the different parties involved to execute more effective solutions.